Robust multipartite multilevel quantum protocols
Hideomi Nihira and C. R. Stroud, Jr.
Phys. Rev. A 72, 022337 (2005).
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We present a quantum protocol utilizing a tripartite three-level state. The state used in this
scheme contains entanglement even after one system is traced out and as a result can be used for
both a secret-sharing protocol among the three parties and a quantum-key-distribution protocol
between any two parties. We show how to utilize this residual entanglement for
quantum-key-distribution purposes, and explore a possible realization of the scheme using
entanglement of orbital-angular-momentum states of photons.
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Last modified 13 September 2006