Excitation of a three-dimensionally localized atomic electron wave packet
Jake Bromage and C. R. Stroud, Jr.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4963 (1999).
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We have prepared an atomic electron in a three-dimensionally localized wave
packet that travels along a highly eccentric orbit between the nucleus and
a turning point approximately 1000 Å away. State preparation consisted of
two distinct steps. First the electron wave function was localized to the
desired orbit by exciting a stationary extreme Stark state from the n = 30
manifold of a sodium atom in a dc electric field. Then the dynamic wave
packet was formed by applying a terahertz electromagnetic half-cycle pulse
polarized along the direction of the dc field. The localized state is an
ideal starting point for further quantum control proceeding along classical
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