Overview of techniques for using the SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and Scanning Probe (AFM, STM) and analyzing data. Students perform independent lab projects by semester's end.
This course covers the topics in modern quantum theory which are relevant to atomic physics, radiation theory, and quantum optics. The theory is developed in terms of Hilbert space operators. The quantum mechanics of simple systems, including the harmonic oscillator, spin, and the one-electron atoms, are reviewed. Finally, methods of calculation useful in modern quantum optics are discussed. These include manipulation of coherent states, the Bloch spere representation, and conventional perturbation theory. Prerequisite: One course in undergraduate wave mechanics or permission of instructor. References: Cohen-Tannoudji, Diu and Laloe, Merzbacher, Schiff, Dirac.
This is a course concerning the aspects of the solid state physics of semiconductors which influence their optical properties. Topics include: electrons and holes, bandstructures, k•p theory, Kramers-Kronig relations, phonons, polaritons, electrooptic effects, nonlinear optical effects. The physics of absorption, spontaneous and stimulated emission, reflection, modulation and Raman scattering of light will be covered. III-V semiconductors will be emphasized; other semiconductor material systems will also be mentioned. Optical properties of specific semiconductor material systems will be covered. Reduced dimensionality structures such as quantum wells will be contrasted with bulk semiconductors. Optoelectronic device applications of semiconductors will be mentioned, but not covered in detail.
Color Technology is more than just pigments, dyes, paints, and textiles. Everywhere in modern technology (smart phones, tablets, displays, lighting, cinema, printers, etc.) is the need for a basic understanding of how we measure, identify, communicate, specify, and render color from one device to another. This course addresses color order systems, color spaces, color measurement, color difference, additive and subtractive color, and rendering of color images. The student will learn about color matching, lighting conditions, metamerism, and color constancy. At the semester’s end, each student will have compiled a Color Toolbox with useful functions to derive different necessary color values within MatLab.
An introduction to the electronic structure of extended materials systems from both a chemical bonding and a condensed matter physics perspective. The course will discuss materials of all length scales from individual molecules to macroscopic three-dimensional crystals, but will focus on zero, one, and two dimensional inorganic materials at the nanometer scale. Specific topics include semiconductor nanocrystals, quantum wires, carbon nanotubes, and conjugated polymers. Two weekly lectures of 75 minutes each. Cross listed with OPT 429. (Spring).
The mechanical design and analysis of optical components and systems will be studied. Topics will include kinematic mounting of optical elements, the analysis of adhesive bonds, and the influence of environmental effects such as gravity, temperature, and vibration on the performance of optical systems. Additional topics include analysis of adaptive optics, the design of lightweight mirrors, thermo-optic and stress-optic (stress birefringence) effects. Emphasis will be placed on integrated analysis which includes the data transfer between optical design codes and mechanical FEA codes. A term project is required for ME 432.
You will be given a first-hand working knowledge of optical glasses, their properties, and the methods for specifying, manufacturing and testing high quality optical components. Lectures emphasize the optical and physical properties of glass, and how these influence the grinding and polishing process. Conventional fixed/loose abrasive grinding and pitch polishing are examined. New concepts for optical manufacturing are covered. The meaning of specifications will be reviewed. The laboratory portion of the course exposes you to abrasive grits, slurries, pitch polishing and the vagarious nature of the conventional polishing process. Glass types and part shapes are assigned to illustrate the degree of difficulty required to achieve optical quality surfaces with hand and machine operations. In-process metrology is performed with a variety of instruments.
This course provides an in-depth understanding of the principles and practices of optical instrumentation: Optical metrology, including wavefront and surface metrology, interferometric instruments and interferogram analysis, coherence and coherence-based instruments, phase measurement and phase-shifting interferometry; spectroscopic instrumentation, including the Fourier transfrom spectrometer, the Fabry-Perot interferometer, and the grating monochromator; image plane characterization (star test, Ronchi test, and modulation transfer function); the influence of illumination and partial coherence on image forming systems, including microscopes, systems for projection lithography, and displays.
A review of geometrical optics and 3rd order aberration theory. Specification documents. Image assessment: ray intercept plots, wavefront analysis, spot diagrams, MTFs, and point spread functions. Optimization theory, damped least squares, global optimization, merit functions, variables and constraints. Glass, plastic, UV and IR materials. Aspheres, GRINs, and diffractive optics. Secondary spectrum, spherochromatism, higher order aberrations. Induced aberrations. Splitting and compounding lens elements. Aplanats and anastigmats. Refractive design forms: landscape lens, achromatic doublet, Cooke triplet, Double Gauss, Petzval lens, wide angle, telephoto, and eyepieces. Reflective design forms: parabola, Cassegrain, Schmidt, Ritchey Cretian, Gregorian, three mirror anastigmat, and reflective triplet. Computer aided lens design exercises using CodeV - includes a 4-6 week individual lens design project.
Specialty and custom coatings and their scientific applications and business uses.
How the human eye's optical and neural factors process color and spatial information includes comparison with the design and capabilities of other animals' eyes.
This course covers the fundamentals necessary to understand the behavior of fully and partially polarized light, and the significant range of applications and optical systems in which polarization is important. Topics include foundational electromagnetic theories of propagation and scattering, polarized plane waves, polarization eigenstates, Jones and Mueller Calculii, ellipsometry, polarization in multilayers and gratings, principles of polarization effects in focusing and imaging, polarization metrology, and topics in polarization coherence.
This is an intensive laboratory course with experiments that likely included the following: 1. Transverse and axial mode structure of a gas laser. 2. Detector calibration using a blackbody. 3. Production of a white light viewable transmission hologram. 4. Acousto-optic modulation. 5. Twyman-Green interferometry. 6. Optical Fibers Laser. 7. The Pockels cell as an optical modulator. 8. Optical beats (heterodyning) and CATV. 9. The YAG laser and second harmonic generation. 10. Fourier optics and optical filtering. 11. Lens Evaluation. 12. Modulation Transfer Function. 13. Applications and properties of pulsed dye laser. 14. Holographic optical elements. 15. Properties of Gaussian beams.
This course covers topics in electromagnetic theory that serve as a foundation for classical descriptions of many optical phenomena. A partial list of topics includes: review of Maxwell's equations, boundary conditions, and wave equations; polarization of light; crystal optics; vector, scalar, and Hertz potentials; radiation from accelerated charges; electric and magnetic dipole radiation; Lorentz atom description of the interaction of light with matter; scattering; optical waveguides.
This course provides an up-to-date knowledge of modern laser systems. Topics covered include quantum mechanical treatments to two-level atomic systems, optical gain, homogenous and inhomogenous broadening, laser resonators and their modes, Gaussian beams, cavity design, pumping schemes, rate equations, Q switching, mode-locking, various gas, liquid, and solid-state lasers.
Biomedical spectroscopy (absorption, fluorescence, Raman, elastic scattering); propagation of photons in highly scattering media (such as tissue); techniques for high-resolution imaging in biological media: confocal imaging, multiphoton imaging and optical coherence tomography.
This course provides an opportunity to examine the management practices associated with technical innovation and new business development. The analysis of entrepreneurship is evaluated primarily from the perspective of a start-up venture that requires equity capital investment. Management issues discussed include organizational development, analysis of market opportunities, market engagement, financial planning and control, capitalization, sources of funds, the due-diligence process and valuing the venture. Teams of three to four students will collaborate in the preparation of a business plan. The course will include time for students to share business ideas and identify possible team members. Each team will have a coach who is an experienced businessperson. The coach will be available to provide feedback to the team.
EASTMAN J; IGNATOVICH F; HEMS R
In this class we will explore system engineering via the ISO9000 product development process and will illustrate how to use this process to develop both products and research systems that meet necessary specifications. The first eight weeks emphasize system integration including the development of the product development plans, partitioning of a system into subsystems, quantitative analysis of system performance and the role of prototypes. The second half of the semester emphasizes the planning needed to take systems to manufacture. During the course the students will prepare a product development plan on a project that was selected during TEM 440 Screening Technical Opportunities. The course is intended to be interactive. A portion of the classes will be dedicated to "brain-storming" solutions to technical problems and formal design reviews where the students will review the project plans of other students.
Properties of the free quantized electromagnetic field, quantum theory of coherence, squeezed states, theory of photoelectric detection, correlation measurements, atomic resonance fluorescence, cooperative effects, quantum effects in nonlinear optics.